Geographic Separation of Home and Workspace
“Home” refers to an article whose focus is on the association that women have with home. The article analyzes and explains the economic and social changes that have taken place in details from the start of the 16th century. The definition and attitude of home and work has been disoriented by socio-economic development. Before the 16th century, home was used to define both women and men activities. Home offered both economic and social space and comfort. This was due to the fact that agricultural activities were mostly the major economic activities of that time (Agnew et al., 2011). Such tasks included weaving, farming, keeping livestock and brewing beer. These activities were easy to do from home.
It was impossible to notice geographical division between workplace and home. The space where people lived or the house did not have the identity of women as it is now associated with women in the modern world. Although tasks were separated, men and women could engage in their duties from home. Obviously, the house was not a women domain. Nevertheless, they spent most of their time in the house than men did. This is because the nature of tasks that they performed required them to. They engaged in household tasks that include cooking and looking after kids. Performing these duties from home was easier (Agnew et al., 2011). On the other hand, men engaged in agricultural activities such as weeding and planting as well as looking after the animals.
Women and men stayed in their homes engaging in different economic activities. The living space and home were partitioned on the basis of the performed activities rather than genders. Nevertheless, there was a significant global awakening on the basis of economic, geographical and social aspects that occurred at the start of the 16th century. Modernity and capitalism occurred slowly and this changed economic and social lives of the people. Among the aspects that were changed in the lives of the people include the attitude that they had towards home. Changes in life made it impossible for people to perform economic activities from home.
Urban centers emerged and this caused great geographical shifts from the rural farming setting to cities and towns where people went to seek employment. Long distance trade emerged. People travelled over long distances to engage in trade which became a common economic activity. Geographical changes in terms of home and work marked this period. Several jobs such as beer brewing were no longer women’s activities that could be performed from home. Demand for beer was high and it had therefore to be manufactured in large quantities by men because it generated more economic benefits. Additionally, large hotels emerged in towns and men managed them.
From the time when industrialization and capitalism started, home has always been associated with women (Agnew et al,. 2011). Workplace and home have been separated geographically. Today, this separation is considered natural. Both stay-at-home mothers and men accept it. Women are attached to home more than men. For example, women perform most domestic chores than men and they spend time around their houses than men. Whether an unmarried or married, stay-at-home mother or working, a woman spends more time in her home. Additionally, majority of the working people have their homes new workplaces. Women also seem to enjoy domestic chores and they have made them part of their daily life. On the other hand, men are masculine and they handle harder tasks.
Home is defined by these changes which separate it from workplaces. In simple terms, the males’ productivity world is differentiated by these changes from that of females who work from home. These changes also separate family and reproduction. Although there are women who have formal jobs in manufacturing firms and in towns, they are still homemakers who take care of families. Work and home have a clear geographical separation in the modern world. Even when women get masculine jobs their domestic roles define their femininity.
Capitalism and industrialization occurred in the 16th century and these separated workplace from home. Both have moved further from each other geographically. The concentration of men has always been on economic competition in marketplaces. Women on the other hand engage in domestic chores that involve taking care of and nurturing their families. This separation is also witnessed in urban centers where residential houses have a different location from industries and offices (Agnew et al., 2011). Men work from the offices as women engage in domestic chores from the residential places or homes.
Nevertheless, the ideology of separating the urban land from home was and still is partial. Some women, more so those in the middle class are still working from home. There are men who use their places of work as their leisure or entertainment places. This indicates that workplace and home separation in terms of location is based on theory rather than real life. The concept is still applied among the people who live in the 21st century.
Agnew, J. A., Livingstone, D. N., & Sage Publications. (2011). The SAGE handbook of geographical knowledge. Los Angeles; London: SAGE.