Mexican American War
The Mexican American War was an invasion of Mexico by the United States of America. The war which took place from 1846 to 1848 resulted from the desire of the United States for some territories in Mexico. The battle saw the US invading Mexico on three different fronts beginning with the north through Texas, the east through the port of Veracruz and into the west that include the present day New Mexico and California. One significant occurrence of the Mexican American war is that the US won all the battles.
Before the outbreak of the war, President James K. Polk had an interest in laying claim to California, New Mexico and some land near the disputed southern border of Texas. However, Mexico was not so eager to let go of the territories. Polk began by trying to buy the land and sent an American diplomat named, John Slidell to offer $30 million to the Mexican government in exchange for the territories. To his disappointment, the Mexican government refused to meet the diplomat. As retaliation to his frustrations in acquiring the land, he sent out US troops to Texas in January 1846 to provoke the Mexicans into war.
In April 25th 1846, Mexican troops fired on American troops. As if that was the signal that Polk was waiting for, he sent an order for war to Congress on May 1th 1846. Even though some Americans questioned the necessity of the war, the US troops had no reservations but to launch an attack on Mexican troops. In the battlefield, the Americans had tremendous success by emerging victorious in all. This was despite the fact that Mexican troops outnumbered the US soldiers.
As the battle raged on, the American troops managed to capture the capital of Mexico, Mexico City in September 1847. This brought the fighting to an end. However, this did not seal the victory of Americans over Mexicans until 1848. This is when the two countries signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo that officially marked the end of the Mexican American war. In the treaty, Mexico agreed to give up its hold over the territories; New Mexico and California in exchange for $15 million and the assumption of their debts to Americans.
The enormous territory that the US acquired from Mexico today includes California, Utah, Nevada, Oklahoma, Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming, New Mexico and parts of Arizona. Still on the treaty, Mexico agreed to finally relinquish the entire Texas including even the disputed area that existed along the border. An approval of the treaty was done by the United States Congress on 10th March.
Even though the Mexican American war had been won and even officially called off through the signing of the treaty, conflict was brewing in US over what to do with the vast amounts of land acquired from Mexico. The north and south would be driven further apart by the question on whether slavery would spread to these newly acquired territories.
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