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Geography Essay on Geography of the U.S and Canada

Geography of the U.S and Canada

There are some physical features which are significant in the northern side of America such as lowlands, plateaus and mountains with areas that extend over land that is modified by wetlands and glaciations. The region where this topography is most evident is from north to south and not east to west. The latter features extend to lowland mountains and plans on the coastlines. The lowlands interior influence the United States economy and settlement. Lowlands are also favorable for vegetation plantation which makes those settling in the plains farmers. The Mississippi tributaries and river drain into the lowlands.

The important elements of climate in Canada and the United States are precipitation, climate and temperature. In the area, the climatic conditions vary as well. These variations are a characterization of the eastern part of the continent and western side is defined by consistent and considerable precipitation. The climate is greatly influenced by the land, latitude and water absorption of topography and solar energy. The latitude is influenced by the temperature in accordance to the distance from equator. This is what divides the north and southern hemisphere in which case, the further the distance is from the equator, the shorter, brighter and cooler the weather. The hydrologic cycle is greatly affected as a result of this as well.

The vegetation and soil in these two countries is diverse in accordance to the climates of the region and also affects ecosystem. For instance, the arctic coastline in Canada and Alaska is extremely dry and the crops cannot flourish. Crops found in wetlands do not have the ability to grow in lowlands. Valuable deposits such as coal, petroleum and natural can be found in the two countries as well. Minerals such as gold, iron and silver can be found in these countries as well though the deposits are high in certain regions only. The Colorado plateau refers to a series of plateau that is separated by monoclines. The monoclines form sedimentary rocks which in turn form metamorphic rocks.


Works cited

Bedford, Barbara L. “Cumulative effects on wetland landscapes: links to wetland restoration in the United States and southern Canada.” Wetlands 19.4 (1999): 775-788.

Birdsall, Stephen S., et al. Regional Landscapes of the US and Canada. Wiley. com, 2008

Swetnam, Thomas W., and Julio L. Betancourt. “Mesoscale disturbance and ecological response to decadal climatic variability in the American Southwest.” Tree Rings and Natural Hazards. Springer Netherlands, 2010. 329-359.

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