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History Essay on Compare and Contrast

Compare and Contrast


During the 19th century, there was formation of a new political party known as Progressive Era. It was founded with the major aim and objective of defining and clarifying the fundamental rights of the people in an economic and commercial based world. During the 19th century, 2 major and main leaders and/or presidents existed in the US. These two were known as Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. Both of these leaders contributed towards the development of economic and business sectors across the US through varying influences and impacts. Though both recorded individual achievements across the economic and business areas, only one was deemed to be better at the position of leadership.

Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson was born on 28th December 1856. He was the 20th president of the USA. He served between 1913 and 1921 as the leader of the Progressive Movement. Prior to him being the president, he had served as the governor in New Jersey for years between 1911 and 191. He got elected as the president of the US as a democrat after the 1912 split of the Republican Party. Also, he served as President in Princeton University between 1902 and 1910 (Gerstle, 2008).

He was not just a president but a leader whose major aim was persuading the Democratic Congress into agreeing and legalizing the legislative agenda. The agenda sought for a smaller number of presidents to remain, equal or/and be unmatched till the passing of the New Deal in 1933. It was governed by the following acts: Federal Reserve Act, Federal Commission Act and the Clayton Antitrust Act, as well as the Federal Farm Loan and Income Tax. He is widely recognized for having fought successfully and ensured passing of the Adamson Act. The act required that all employees in varying railroads to work for 8 hours only per day (Kerr, 1967).

In the beginning, Wilson was viewed as a leader that was unsympathetic. However, he strived to fight for the rights of them in order to ensure they do not suffer. Women were suffering continuously and prone to torture as a result of public pressure which Wilson found inhuman and unethical. Although he was advised the move was not a decisive and wise politically, he made a promise to the African American women they would enjoy fair and free dealings so long as they were citizens of the United States. It is through the presidential administration and leadership of Wilson that the racial segregation for federal employee’s policy got formulated and was successfully implemented. Therefore, he was looked upon as a modern liberal president as well as visionary giant leader. This was largely due to his solid beliefs in the implementation and formulation of domestic racial relations. However, he was also seen as a comfortable racist on the basis of his political thoughts and moves (Kerr, 1967).

Despite the negative traits, he is still looked upon as a highly effective partisan, legislative strategist and an excellent planner. He ensured his skills in leadership and qualifications were up to standard with the American people. Though he was more inclined to the passions of men, minds and spirits than women, he was a religious man. As such, he was a moral idealistic internationalism leader who fought for democracy. Consequently, in 1919, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize as a result of his outstanding performance (Gerstle, 2008).

Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt was born on 27th October 1858, making him 2 years younger than Wilson. He became president at quite a young age than Wilson. He was the 26th president of the US. However, unlike Wilson who was elected into office, he rose to presidency through accession after the assassination of the then president McKinley. His trait was more that of a masculine and robust cowboy. Besides founding Progressive Party in 1912, he led the Republican Party as well. Just as is the case with Wilson, he held other positions of leadership before becoming the president. For instance, he was an official at State, city and federal levels. Like Wilson, he was a leader who strived and aimed to achieve regulated, well-managed and increased business ventures throughout the US (McMillan, 2010).

As a leader and president, he was described as a hunter, explorer, soldier, naturalist, politician and author. He strived to implement and formulate the Square Deal as an agenda in the US. This agenda was a domestic one that encouraged and supported the average American citizens to get a fair share of their economic and business ventures under his policies. As a result of his naturalist nature, he encouraged and supported American citizens into accepting the Conservation Movement Policies. The slogan he used as a presidential leader, was later used to describe him and it advocated for slow speech while carrying a huge stick. He wanted to demonstrate the power of the American people when he strived to make sure the Panama Canal was completed while sending the Great White Fleet. Also, he negotiated for the Russo-Japanese War to come to an end. On the basis of these works, hard efforts and achievements to improve living standards among the American people, just like Wilson, he won the Nobel Peace Prize (McMillan, 2010).

Similarities and Differences

Based on performance while they were in both, both leaders were regarded as visionary presidents and leaders. They both won the Nobel Peace Prize. Wilson endeavored to prevent American Unions from the possibility of facing prosecution as trusts. On the other hand, Roosevelt believed as the president, his central role and responsibility was leading departments while settling legislative agendas at Congress. Globally, Wilson is acknowledged for successfully achieving the New Deal. Contrariwise Roosevelt is respected and acknowledged globally for his Square Deal which favored business and labor (Crawford, 2002).

Overall, both leaders strived and endeavored to ensure workers were given safe working environments and motivated as well as human freedoms and rights. Coal miners often would strike as a result of unsafe working conditions and oppression. Roosevelt was a leader who purposed to make sure workers and public safety measures were implemented and formulate across the various economic and business ventures. Thus, when the miners went on strike, he threatened coalmine owners with federal troops. Through the union leader, they influenced the working conditions positively, improving and at the same time ensuring all the works were properly remunerated and safe (Gerstle, 2008).


Both Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson as leaders and presidents recorded various impressive achievements and won the Nobel Peace Prize. Though this is the case, Theodore Roosevelt is termed as a leader and president that was more remarkable. This is attributed to his naturalist trait together with his Square Deal. Unlike Wilson, who chose to regard unions as trusts, Roosevelt was a neutral leader. He favored both unions and labor since he understood how they impacted women and men undertaking economic and commercial roles. As such, he was impartial, unprejudiced, unbiased and a fair leader to everyone throughout the entire US.



Crawford, M. (2002). The Lasting Influence of Theodore Roosevelt’s Naval War of 1812, International Journal of Naval History.

Gerstle, G. (2008). Reconsidering Woodrow Wilson: Progressivism, Internationalism, War and Peace, International Center for Scholars Report.

Kerr, K. A. (1967). Decision for Federal Control: Wilson, McAdoo and the Railroads, Journal of American History, 54(3):550-560.

McMillan, J. (2010). Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 26th and 32nd Presidents of the United States, American Heraldry Society Report.

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