Events and Developments that Span from 1865 to Present
Communication process affects development of humans in different ways. Human growth and development is a function of economic, social and political pillars. The pillars of prosperities depend on well-developed channels and means of communication (Huck, Fales & Rahman, 1997, p. 29). Different scholars have designed theories explaining some of the forefront factors affecting political compatibility and social cohesion, which are essential in ensuring economic progress in a society.
Among the above factors, communication is a priority for discussion because there are changes and developments in the channels, means and methodology in the world of communication from 1865 to present, aligned with other historical events including the World War I and II, political atrocities and business cycles.
The entire development process is however crowned by technology integrated and it has led to evidential developments communications means (Rao, Kim &Hwang, 2010, P. 63). With a lot of prominence in human understanding development, better communications and social cohesion represent some of the innovative plans that have been given priority in the 21st century.
Therefore, this paper focuses on events and developments in the world of communication since 1865 to the present. It also discusses effects of foregoing as injected in history, human life and currently. The 1865 era however presented a shift from traditional forms of communication that included drums, fire and messengers to the present use of efficient and modified means of communication.
In 1865, the development paved way for Alexander Graham Bell who in 1876 invented the telephone, thus making relay of information and human communication much easier and enhanced. Man also felt that there is need to create a platform for information security systems to ensure every message passed across reaches the right audience without alteration or distortion.
The telephone era was additionally one of the most significant periods in the history of humans because people could pass a message to a central place and get immediate feedback without involvement of a third party (Surbone, 2013, p. 37). Telegram and telephone have also become crucial communication tools in different industrial sectors as a means of intra and interdepartmental links. The only way for stakeholders and managers to address employees conveniently was through the telegram or the telephone.
With different enhancements in the world of politics, many people have shown interest in understanding vital factors affecting the society thus, calling for improvements and accurate measures. The introduction of the first multimedia print method of communication in 1880, also known as Yellow Pulitzer’s paper in New York led to production of many magazines and newspapers across the country.
It was until 1885 and 1890 that print media use gained momentum, when George Eastman designed photographic film. Therefore, he could incorporate photo portraits in print media (Panagopoulos, 2009, P. 45). This enhancement in communication world became essential in the lives of businesspersons and politicians.
The age of newspapers, magazines and photograph films also enhanced the thinking levels of humans in different perspectives. Man also generated interest in knowing interpretation and content of key elements in such pieces under limited literacy. Therefore, there was need to introduce another means of communication to help interpret information contained in print form.
Guglielmo Marconi in 1894 designed the radio as the first multimedia. People could listen and receive a wide range of information faster with the introduction of radio. There were more evidential enhancements in communications from newspaper to radio, which also generated a lot of interest from the masses. In 1900s, the industrial revolution led to other multimedia invention enhancements (Zhang, 2011, P, 117).
The most productive inventions in the sector were however the introduction of the age of TV, Radio and Movies. The level of man’s entertainment as well as retention of information also increased significantly with enhancements in communication from sound to plus sound displays. Business persons and politicians also found it efficient and much easier to make advertisements using the platform to reach more target audience.
There was also need to create limits and boundaries on the kind of materials and products that the society would access. It is a fact that led to the formation of Federal Trade Commission in 1914 by US congress, as a way of preventing unfair promotion (Negrine, 2008, p. 141). The government also had to filter information before being aired to the public to ensure that the information passed is only good for public consumption.
Industrial revolution also led to internationalization and thus, the urge to develop more communication linkages across the globe. Joseph Maxwell in 1920 introduced the first electrical microphone that was used in public address. There was development of the first radio network linkup across the globe in 1923. This was also followed by TV transmission for the first time in 1927 by Philo Farnsworth. Network introductions also meant easy passage of information across global borders.
Several enhancements have also been made since the year 2000 to present as far as media coverage is concerned. They go hand in hand with advancements in interpersonal communications like the use of mobile phones (Katz, 2008, p. 78). The institution of iPod and MP3 formats in the year 2001 also enabled people to carry compressed files, which are significant entertainment forms or educational materials.
The introduction of satellite radio and receivers also enhanced relay of information via media channels. Installation of satellite has also paved way for change from standard TV to digital TV set thus, giving viewers an ideal presentation as well as wider coverage.
In conclusion, enhancements in the means of communication are some of the things that affect human development processes economically, politically and socially. IT integration in industrial and social development is also one of the strategic plans that help in creating an ideal human development environment (Humphreys & Messaris, 2007, p. 122). Such changes in communication means are important parts of innovative human actions, which are extremely essential for human progress.
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