Leadership is both an Art and a Science
Improvements and changes that have occurred down the generations have changed the perception that people have towards leadership in the modern world. Leadership/leaders’ role has changed over the recent past. Perhaps, this has introduced new leadership’s definitions. Analyzing the current leadership approaches critically shows that leadership can be categorized as an art (Goleman, Boyatzis & Mckee, 2003).
As an art, leadership requires certain expertise and skills similar to other types of art. To acquire the necessary qualities and skills, art requires practice. Similarly, leadership requires qualities and skills that cannot be gathered by learning. To acquire leadership qualities and skills, one requires interpersonal features and practice that relies on the environment and experience (Daft, 2011). Like any art, one can identify indiscernible and unique qualities and abilities through leadership. Additionally, applying leadership relies on the setting or the environment just like with other forms of art. As such, leadership can be defined as an art.
Leadership is also a science. It is continuously evolving and it depends on certain observations and facts which is a similar attribute of science. Acquiring the skills that are required to lead takes time. The goal of leadership is to enable the organization to realize its set goals. Similarly, science takes time to develop and its goal is to improve life (Goleman, Boyatzis & Mckee, 2003).
In addition, leaders have to analyze different approaches and issues from varying viewpoints. This entails the assessment of all possibilities as well as the exploration of risks and benefits associated with different possibilities. This is similar to science which aim is to expand the available knowledge about nature and life. Similar to science, leadership aims at addressing different issues within the organization and the society. The established solutions improve quality and nature of life on earth (Daft, 2010). As such, leadership fits to be in the category of sciences.
Daft, R. L. (2011). The leadership experience (5th ed.). Mason, OH: Southwestern.
Goleman, D., Boyatzis, R. E., & McKee, A. (2003). The new leaders: Transforming the art of leadership into the science of results. London: Time Warner Paperbacks.