The United Nations Millennium Development Goals
The millennium Development Goals (MDGs) refers to objectives created in a UN member states meeting. During the event in September 2000, member states dedicated themselves to offering quality primary education and elimination of extreme poverty and hunger by ensuring food production sustainability.
UN member’s conference also reached an agreement to control and reduce the world’s population to convenient and sustainable levels, offer proper and manageable sanitation and to address challenges to sustainable development and to support the fight against HIV/Aids vial global fund.
The UN member states also agreed to work together to ensure long term solutions for the Aids endemic. There is enhancement of good leadership and proper governance through women empowerment investment especially in Africa and in parts of rural Asia (UN, 2013).
Some UN agencies are very important in ensuring Millennium Development goals are achieved. The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), is leading in hunger eradication efforts in developing and developed countries. The agency offers assistance in policy guidelines formulations as well as agreements in different areas including agricultural productivity, nutrition, and promotion of better rural areas living and growing global economy.
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) works with FAO to realize its goals on poverty and hunger eradication and to ensure food sustainability. It is a financial global entity created in 1977 to offer agricultural funding (UN, 2003).
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), was established in 1946. The operations of this body are essential in the realization of Millennium Development Goals. Through the agencies role in promotion of education, science and culture, there will be creation of the rule of law, justice promotion, essential and basic rights and freedoms.
The agency will also front the fulfilment of creativity, literacy and innovation which, will later lead to sustainable development as well as leadership promotion and gender equality. The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) also established to enhance and sponsor industrial development as well as partnership in transiting, developing and developed economies.
It is also essential to note that environmental sustainability and cooperation in the world of industrialization is essential for the growth of global economy, reduction of poverty and achievement of Millennium Development Goals. Its strategies also include a capacity of building trade between member states, energy and environment management as well as poverty reduction.
Industrial growth also plays a crucial role in providing skills and knowledge to assist in enhancing the lives of the poor to enable them support themselves thus, reducing dependency level, a major poverty contributor (Nwonwu, F.O.C.,& African Institute of South Africa. 2008).
However, some agencies have little or no contribution towards Millennium Development Goals. The Universal Postal Union (UPU) expedites postal services across UN. The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), International Civil Aviation (ICAO), World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) are some of organizations with little or no effect in Millennium Development Goals achievement (global policy, 20110).
Until now, many countries have tried to achieve MDGs through policies and strategies endorsement from national and international forums. The organizations have also been of great help in the objectives. Primary education and healthcare provision has also been seen as a success and more specifically in Africa (UNDP, 2013).
The key features of evaluating MDGs progress are maternal and child mortality, the rate of managing the spread of HIV, education provision and industrial growth, promoting justice, peace, leadership, security as well as promotion of youth and women in development matters.
Global policy. (2011). What Next for the Millennium Development Goals? Global Policy , 1.
Nwonwu, F. O. C., & Africa Institute of South Africa. (2008). Millennium development goals: Achievements and prospects of meeting the targets in Africa. Pretoria, South Africa: Africa Institute of South Africa
- (2013, January 17th). Millenium Development Goals and beyond 2015. Retrieved December 8, 2015, from http://www.un.org: http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/
UNDP. (2013, November 8). The Millenium Development Goals. Retrieved December 8, 2013, from United Nations Development Programme: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/mdgoverview/
United Nations. (2003). Economic and social survey of Asia and the Pacific 2003. New York: United Nations.